Using prefabrication materials, or “prefab”, dramatically accelerates construction time, lowers material costs and increases quality assurance.
Prefab identifies any section of prefab house which has been assembled offsite inside a factory or manufacturing facility and transported in complete or sub-assemblies towards the construction site. This is a broad term and means several different systems or processes, including structural, architectural and services elements.
Prefabaus – the peak body for Australia’s off-site construction industry – breaks up prefab into two main families, 2D prefab and 3D prefab. They may be used along with the other, on their own or with traditional construction methods.
2D prefab consists of pre-cut, pre-sized, pre-moulded or pre-shaped components that happen to be assembled or placed on steel workshop. They often arrive as flat-packed panels or non-volumetric systems, ready for assembly. They may form the building envelope, stair cores, internal load bearing walls or lighter partitions. They might be 98dexppky or closed panel systems, precast concrete panels or another panel types. 2D prefab is easier to move, lends itself to mass customisation and it has infinite construction options, put together with speed of assembly.
3D prefab systems are three-dimensional structural units which are combined at site with many other units or systems, or might comprise a whole small building. They include pods, that happen to be generally not structural modules, like bathroom or kitchen pods. They can be a speedy way to build, as they are able be manufactured concurrent with site preparation, and will arrive at your location almost complete. 3D prefab systems could be joined together to create larger spaces and they are generally increasingly demonstrating their ability to travel prefabricated homes. The weather of 3D prefab can be structural elements, architectural elements or services elements, or they could be a hybrid of those.